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Set Up an Internet Connection in Windows
Last Updated: Fri, 13 Jul 2012 > Related Articles
Learn to set up TCP/IP and manage IP addresses in Windows 7, Vista and XP.
Want to set up an Internet connection on your PC? Need to verify, release or reset an IP address? Learn to manage these network settings using Windows 7, Vista and XP.
For information on Windows 8, see Managing Windows 8 Internet Connection Settings.
Cox does not support all versions of the Windows operating system. The following information is for reference only. For more help using Windows visit Microsoft support.
What is TCP/IP?
Transmission Control Protocol or TCP ensures your data is transferred correctly between computers, such as when you send a request to see a web page on the Internet or when you send email to a co-worker on your company's computer network. Internet Protocol or IP is responsible for moving that data between computers. TCP/IP work together to help you communicate effectively and efficiently online, so in order to make that happen you must first set it up on your computer.
What is an IP address?
An Internet Protocol address or IP is the set of numbers that identify your computer to other computers, such as a network printer at your job, or any computer connected to the Internet. IP version 4 (IPv4) is represented by four groups of numbers separated by periods, such as 123.53.789.10. Since IPv4 addresses are running out, IP version 6 (IPv6) was developed. IPv6 is represented by eight groups of four hexadecimal digits separated by colons.
How do I set up my Internet Connection (or TCP/IP)?
Depending on your user access, you may be prompted to log in as the Administrator. See the Microsoft support link at the start of this article for more information.
Windows 7 and Vista:
Click the Start button, then right-click Network and choose Properties.
Click the Start button then click Control Panel.
On the left, click Change Adaptor Settings.
Under Tasks, click Manage network connections.
Click Network and Internet Connections then click Network Connections.
Windows 7 and Vista:
Right-click Local Area Connection then click Properties.
Double-click Local Area Connection then click Properties.
Click Internet Protocol Version 4(TCP/IPv4) then click Properties.
If the pop-up displays asking for permission, click Continue to open the Local Area Connections Properties window. Then click Internet Protocol Version 4(TCP/IPv4) then click Properties.
Highlight Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) then click Properties.
Under the General tab ensure the following are selected:
- Obtain an IP address automatically
- Obtain DNS server address automatically
Under the IP Settings tab ensure the following:
- That these options are listed: IP addresses and DHCP Enabled
- That nothing is listed under the Default gateways option
- That the Automatic metric option is checked
From the DNS tab, verify the following:
- That the Append primary and connection specific DNS suffixes option is selected
- That the Append parent suffixes of the primary DNS suffix option is checked
- That the Register this connection's addresses in DNS option is checked
- That the Append these DNS suffixes (in order) option is NOT selected
- From the WINS tab, verify the following:
- Verify that the WINS addresses box is empty
- Verify that the Enable LMHOSTS lookup option is checked
- Verify that the Default: Use NetBIOS setting from the DHCP server option is selected
- Close any open windows by clicking OK.
Once all windows are closed you will be prompted to restart your computer. Once restarted, your changes should take effect. If not, go back to Local Area Connection, right-click and select Enable.All steps complete.
How do I verify or release and renew my IP address?
Windows 7 and Vista:
- Click the Start button at the bottom left of your PC screen.
- In the search field enter cmd.
- Press Enter.
- Click the Start button at the bottom left of your PC screen, then click Run.
- In the Open field enter cmd.
- Click OK.
On the black screen, right next to where the cursor is flashing, choose one of the following then type the information as directed. Do not use spaces:
- To view your IP address:
- Type ipconfig and press Enter. You will see the numbers and dots that represent your address.
- To release your IP address:
- Type ipconfig/release and press Enter
- To renew your IP address:
- Type ipconfig/renew and press Enter
When finished, click the X in the upper right corner to close the black screen.
All steps complete.